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Li (Lithium Carbonat)

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Keterangan

     Lithium was first isolated in 1821 by W.T Brande. Near its melting point, lithium ignites in air. Lithium posses a dangerous fire and explosion risk when exposed to water, acids or oxidizing agents. It reacts exothermally with nitrogen in moist air at high temperatures. In solution lithium is toxic and targets the central nervous system.

Nama lain (trademark, branding etc.)

Lithium, Lithium - s, Litio, Литий, Litium

 

Spesifikasi Produk

Overview of Lithium
Atomic Number 3
Group 1
Period 2
Series:  Alkali Metals
Relative Atomic Mass (12C=12.000)  6.941
Boiling Point 1615.15K 1342°C 2448°F
Melting Point 453.85K 180.7°C 357.3°F
Density/kg m-3  534 (293K)
Ground State Electron Configuration  [He]2s1
Electron Affinity(M-M-)/kJ mol-1  -57
Discoverer Johann A. Arfvedson
Discovery Location:  Stockholm Sweden
Discovery Year:  1817
Name Origin: Greek: lithos (stone)

Aplikasi

     Lithium has the highest specific heat capacity of any solid element, and is therefore used in many heat transfer applications. However, it is corrosive and requires special handling. It is used as an alloying agent, in the synthesis of organic compounds, and has applications in the nuclear industry. It has a high electrochemical potential so is one of the most widely used battery anode materials. Lithium is also used in special glasses and ceramics.
     Lithium chloride is one of the most hygroscopic materials known, and is used in air conditioning and industrial drying systems (as is lithium bromide). Lithium stearate is used as an all-purpose and high-temperature lubricant.

Bahan Baku

Lithium carbonate is an inorganic compound, the lithium salt of carbonate with the formula Li2CO3. This white salt is widely used in the processing of metal oxides and has received attention for the treatment for manic and bipolar disorder. It exists as the rare mineral zabuyelite

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