Sb (Antimony)

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Stibium, Antimon, Antimoine, Antimonio, Суръма, 

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Overview of Antimony
Atomic Number 51
Group 15
Period 5
Series Metalloids (Metals)
Relative Atomic Mass (12C=12.000)  121.75
Boiling Point:  1860K 1587°C 2889°F
Melting Point:  904.05K 630.9°C 1167.6°F
Density/kg m-3  6691 (293K)
Ground State Electron Configuration  [Kr]4d105s25p3
Electron Affinity(M-M-)/kJ mol-1  -101
Discoverer:  Known to ancient civilization
Discovery Location:  ?
Discovery Year: Unknown
Name Origin: Greek: anti (not) monos (alone); Symbol for Latin stibium


     Antimony is widely used in alloys, especially with lead in order to improve its hardness and mechanical strength, and in this form is used in batteries. Antimony is also used in semiconductor technology in making infra-red detectors and diodes. Other uses include type metal, bullets and cable sheathing.
     Antimony compounds are used in manufacturing flame-proof compounds, paints, enamels, glass and pottery.

Bahan Baku

Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb (from Latin: stibium) and atomic number 51. A lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite (Sb2S3). Antimony compounds have been known since ancient times and were used for cosmetics; metallic antimony was also known, but it was erroneously identified as lead.

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