Ti ( Titanium )


     Titanium is Latin and refers to the Titans, the first sons of the earth in Mythology. It was discovered by Gregor in 1791, then independantly discovered by M.H. Klaproth in 1795 in Berlin Germany. This element was named by Klaproth. It was nearly a hundred years later (1887) when impure titanium was first prepared by Nilson and Pettersson. About 20 years later Hunter heated Titanium Chloride TiCl4 with sodium in a steel bomb and isolated 99.6% pure titanium. It is the ninth most abundant element in the earth's crust and is also found in meteorites and in the sun. It is found in the ash of coal, in plants and even in the human body. It occurs in the minerals rutile, ilmenite and sphene.

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Titanium's Name in Other Languages
Latin Titanium
Czech Titan
Croatian Titanij
French Titane
German Titan - r
Italian Titanio
Norwegian Titan
Portuguese Titânio
Russian Титан
Spanish Titanio
Swedish Titan

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Overview of Titanium
Atomic Number 22
Group 4
Period 4
Series Transition Metals
Relative Atomic Mass (12C=12.000)  47.88
Boiling Point:  3560K 3287°C 5949°F
Melting Point:  1933K 1660°C 3020°F
Density/kg m-3  4540 (293K)
Ground State Electron Configuration  [Ar]3d24s2
Electron Affinity(M-M-)/kJ mol-1  2
Discovered by the Rev W. Gregor 
Discovery Year 1791
Name Origin Greek mythology: titanos (Titans), the sons of the Earth goddess.


     Titanium is as strong as steel but much less dense. It is therefore important as an alloying agent with many metals, including aluminium, molybdenum and iron. These alloys are principally used in aircraft and missiles as they are materials which have low density yet can withstand extremes of temperature. Titanium also has potential use in desalination plants which convert sea water to fresh water. The metal has excellent resistance to sea water, and so is used to protect the hulls of ships, and other structures exposed to sea water.
     However, the largest use of titanium is in the form of titanium(IV) oxide, which is extensively used in both house paint and artists' paint. This paint is also a good reflector of infrared radiation and so is used in solar observatories where heat causes poor visibility.

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Titanium is a chemical element with the symbol Ti and atomic number 22. It is a lustrous transition metal with a silver color, low density and high strength. It is highly resistant to corrosion in sea water, aqua regia and chlorine.

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